You only know two types of wine, red wine and white wine? Those are not the only things you need to care about, we will reveal to you many different novelties for you to choose from.
You love drinking wine, but you can learn a little more about what this delectable drink is exactly. Like, you learn the difference between white and red, but there’s a lot of new stuff you don’t know what’s that?
Don’t worry, consider this a beginner’s guide to various wines. Basic information is as follows. Wine is made from grapes, and those grapes come in two different colors: black and green. During the fermentation process, black grapes (sometimes called purple) usually turn into red wine, while green grapes make white wine, said Samantha Capaldi, a certified and tasting business owner based based in Phoenix, explained.

Another thing that affects wine taste? How many skins on grapes during fermentation. Red wine is made from black grapes with their skins and seeds intact, which releases a substance called tannin, which gives red wine its dry, gritty taste. However, white wines are made completely without the skins and without the seeds, says Capaldi: this is low and has no tannins.
And yes, there are other aspects to winemaking beyond the skin and color of the grapes. “There is a common word in French, called terroir, that refers to a wine-producing region and specifically what that region does with that wine,” says Capaldi. From the soil, to the climate, to the growing season, to the mountains – essentially what makes up a vineyard – every aspect of a grape’s fermentation and growth affects the flavor of a wine. .
Now that you know a little more about what makes good wine, it’s time to get into the specifics. Here’s a beginner’s guide to all kinds of legal alcohol, as well as answers to your alcohol questions. Find out how to enjoy a great glass of wine.


First of all, is drinking wine healthy?

According to Keri Gans, RDN, author of The Small Change Diet, wine actually benefits your health in moderation. “Red wine in particular has antioxidants, which are known to help reduce inflammation in the body,” she explains.
Gans reiterates that the health benefits of wine are mainly achieved through moderate alcohol consumption. “USDA recommends no more than 5 ounces of alcohol per day.” We could have as little as one glass of wine a night.


Ever heard the saying that red wine pairs best with red meats?

Capaldi explains that for the most part that’s true.
The tannins in red wine give you that dry feeling you feel in your mouth. Capaldi explains that this makes them best paired with savory dishes. “Fatty meats like steak, burgers and beef cut down on the tannins in red wine,” says Capaldi.

That means choosing particularly bold, more tannic reds like cabernet sauvignon, syrah, malbec, merlot. (It is recommended to serve immediately below room temperature.)
Lighter reds, like pinot noir and grenache, contain less drying tannins. “They are less tannic, so they go with fatty fish, grilled salmon, halibut or sea bass,” Capaldi explains. They should also be served at a cooler temperature, at around 55 to 60 degrees F.
According to sommelier expert Casleah Herwaldt, owner of By The Stem Wine Club, if you need a little cue to sift through that shelf of red wine at the liquor store, here’s great information on red wines and their flavor characteristics for you to choose wisely.
Pinot Noir
“We call pinot noir the ‘princess,’ because its grapes are thin-skinned and it requires expert vineyard management,” says Herwaldt. (That’s also why it’s so expensive. More.) With aromas of cherry, strawberry and blueberry, it’s also light on tannins, making it a good “introduction” to red wine, Herwaldt explains. It also pairs well with light snacks such as salmon and chicken.
Cabernet Sauvignon
This dry wine is made from a thick-skinned grape that needs a super warm climate to fully ripen, Herwaldt says. In it, you’ll find notes of blackberry and cherry. Plus, since it’s aged in wooden casks, you can also taste flavors of oak, cedar or even coffee and chocolate.
“This species comes from a region called Chianti,” says Herwaldt. “It’s a bit more of an adventure wine,” she notes. Why? It actually pairs very well with something like pizza (salty and fatty), as it has a bold taste and is packed with tannins.
Merlot has a smooth, chocolatey, blackberry-like flavor. It is super silky in the mouth and smooth, with light tannins and is considered a dry wine. Herwaldt likes to call it a “sexy grape”, even though she feels it doesn’t get the love and attention it deserves.

This is a lighter, sweet-tasting wine often identified as juicy. It’s best paired with foods like chicken, duck or salmon, as it’s super low in tannins and high in acidity, which helps cut lighter meats well, Herwaldt explains.

Italian wine
What should we know about white wine?
Capaldi notes that white wine is not at all straightforward when deciding on a food pairing. A lighter, more acidic and fruity white wine, like German riesling or sauvignon blanc, will likely pair well with light, frugal dishes like seafood and some oysters. , and shellfish,…
Some special types that you should know:
Hailing from the Loire Valley in northern France, Muscadet is a very refreshing, dry, lemon-flavored wine. “It’s super acidic, which makes it super-palatable and perfect for sitting by the pool or pairing with a summer dinner,” says Herwaldt.
ICYMI, chardonnay is a type of raisin, which is quite easily misunderstood, Herwaldt said. It is more of a neutral taste and can come in a variety of flavors. Herwaldt explains that its flavor varies from butter to wood, depending on how it’s made. If you want a classic chardonnay, try one with apple, pear and pineapple flavors with high acidity.
Sauvignon Blanc
“This wine can also vary slightly in flavor,” says Herwaldt. The dry wine has citrus, grapefruit, and herbaceous flavors that Herwaldt compares to freshly cut grass. Highly acidic, it pairs very well with goat cheese, a cheese that also has a sour taste.
Riesling wines range in taste from sweet to dry, and they usually come from Germany, the US or France, Herwaldt says. “They have super citrus notes like lemons, and they’re also pretty tart, like green apples or peaches.” This wine goes well with spicy foods.
Coming from Spain in a region near the water (where it is considered a “coastal wine”), this wine has flavors of flowers and fruit, Herwaldt says. It’s also often made by the ocean, which means it’s scented, and sometimes even contains sea salt. In particular, this is a dry, highly acidic wine.


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